William White was ordained a deacon in the Chapel Royal at St. James’s Palace, London, in 1770, and a priest two years later. He was rector of Christ Church, Philadelphia for 57 years, as the city became the capital of the United States when the Revolution was won. He was consecrated Bishop of Pennsylvania in London in 1787, the second American bishop after Samuel Seabury of Connecticut. He modeled the governance of The Episcopal Church on the U.S. Constitution, with a General Convention patterned after Congress with its two houses, one for bishops and one for “deputies,” both clergy and lay – the first time Anglican laymen gained power to govern their church. Above: White’s townhouse is now part of Independence National Historical Park. (Jack Boucher)

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