Albert Luthuli statue in Stanger, KwaZulu-Natal. He was elected Chief of the Groutville Reserve in 1935, joined the African National Congress ten years later and helped lead the nonviolent Defiance Campaign. He was arrested for high treason in 1956 but released for lack of evidence. After the Sharpeville Massacre he burned his travel passbook and was arrested again; when he won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1961 the apartheid government allowed him to travel to receive it, then restricted him again when he got back. (

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