Morning Prayer 5.28.10, The 1st Book of Common Prayer, 1549 (Rite I)

The Apostles' Creed from the Filipino-Chinese Book of Common Prayer of the Province of South East Asia.

The hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshipers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth; for the Father seeketh such to worship him. John 4:23

CONFESSION OF SIN

Let us humbly confess our sins unto Almighty God.

Almighty and most merciful Father,
we have erred, and strayed from thy ways like lost sheep,
we have followed too much the devices and desires of our own hearts,
we have offended against thy holy laws,
we have left undone those things which we ought to have done,
and we have done those things which we ought not to have done.
But thou, O Lord, have mercy upon us,
spare thou those who confess their faults,
restore thou those who are penitent,
according to thy promises declared unto mankind
in Christ Jesus our Lord;
and grant, O most merciful Father, for his sake,
that we may hereafter live a godly, righteous, and sober life,
to the glory of thy holy name. Amen.

The Almighty and merciful Lord grant us absolution and remission of all our sins, true repentance, amendment of life, and the grace and consolation of his Holy Spirit. Amen.

THE INVITATORY AND PSALTER

O Lord, open thou our lips.
And our mouth shall show forth thy praise.

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit:
as it was in the beginning, is now, and will be for ever. Amen. Alleluia.

Psalm 95:1-7; 96:9, 13
Venite

O come, let us sing unto the Lord; *
let us heartily rejoice in the strength of our salvation.
Let us come before his presence with thanksgiving, *
and show ourselves glad in him with psalms.

For the Lord is a great God, *
and a great King above all gods.
In his hand are all the corners of the earth, *
and the strength of the hills is his also.
The sea is his, and he made it, *
and his hands prepared the dry land.

O come, let us worship, and fall down *
and kneel before the Lord our Maker.
For he is the Lord our God, *
and we are the people of his pasture, and the sheep of his hand.

O worship the Lord in the beauty of holiness; *
let the whole earth stand in awe of him.
For he cometh, for he cometh to judge the earth, *
and with righteousness to judge the world
and the peoples with his truth.

Psalm 31

In you, O LORD, have I taken refuge;
let me never be put to shame; *
deliver me in your righteousness.
Incline your ear to me; *
make haste to deliver me.
Be my strong rock, a castle to keep me safe,
for you are my crag and my stronghold; *
for the sake of your Name, lead me and guide me.
Take me out of the net that they have secretly set for me, *
for you are my tower of strength.
Into your hands I commend my spirit, *
for you have redeemed me,
O LORD, O God of truth.

I hate those who cling to worthless idols, *
and I put my trust in the LORD.
I will rejoice and be glad because of your mercy; *
for you have seen my affliction;
you know my distress.
You have not shut me up in the power of the enemy; *
you have set my feet in an open place.
Have mercy on me, O LORD, for I am in trouble; *
my eye is consumed with sorrow,
and also my throat and my belly.
For my life is wasted with grief,
and my years with sighing; *
my strength fails me because of affliction,
and my bones are consumed.
I have become a reproach to all my enemies and even to my neighbors,
a dismay to those of my acquaintance; *
when they see me in the street they avoid me.
I am forgotten like a dead man, out of mind; *
I am as useless as a broken pot.
For I have heard the whispering of the crowd;
fear is all around; *
they put their heads together against me;
they plot to take my life.
But as for me, I have trusted in you, O LORD. *
I have said, “You are my God.
My times are in your hand; *
rescue me from the hand of my enemies,
and from those who persecute me.
Make your face to shine upon your servant, *
and in your loving-kindness save me.”
LORD, let me not be ashamed for having called upon you; *
rather, let the wicked be put to shame;
let them be silent in the grave.
Let the lying lips be silent which speak against the righteous, *
haughtily, disdainfully, and with contempt.
How great is your goodness, O LORD!
which you have laid up for those who fear you; *
which you have done in the sight of all
for those who put their trust in you.
You hide them in the covert of your presence from those who slander them; *
you keep them in your shelter from the strife of tongues.
Blessed be the LORD! *
for he has shown me the wonders of his love in a besieged city.
Yet I said in my alarm,
“I have been cut off from the sight of your eyes.” *
Nevertheless, you heard the sound of my entreaty
when I cried out to you.
Love the LORD, all you who worship him; *
the LORD protects the faithful,
but repays to the full those who act haughtily.
Be strong and let your heart take courage, *
all you who wait for the LORD.

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit: *
as it was in the beginning, is now, and will be for ever. Amen.

THE LESSONS
Proverbs 23:19-21, 29 – 24:2 (Authorized/KJV)

Hear thou, my son, and be wise, and guide thine heart in the way. Be not among winebibbers; among riotous eaters of flesh: For the drunkard and the glutton shall come to poverty: and drowsiness shall clothe a man with rags.

Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? who hath contentions? who hath babbling? who hath wounds without cause? who hath redness of eyes? They that tarry long at the wine; they that go to seek mixed wine. Look not thou upon the wine when it is red, when it giveth his colour in the cup, when it moveth itself aright. At the last it biteth like a serpent, and stingeth like an adder. Thine eyes shall behold strange women, and thine heart shall utter perverse things. Yea, thou shalt be as he that lieth down in the midst of the sea, or as he that lieth upon the top of a mast. They have stricken me, shalt thou say, and I was not sick; they have beaten me, and I felt it not: when shall I awake? I will seek it yet again.

Canticle: A Song of Praise
Benedictus es, Domine
Song of the Three Young Men, 29-34

Blessed art thou, O Lord God of our fathers; *
praised and exalted above all for ever.
Blessed art thou for the Name of thy Majesty; *
praised and exalted above all for ever.
Blessed art thou in the temple of thy holiness; *
praised and exalted above all for ever.
Blessed art thou that beholdest the depths,
and dwellest between the Cherubim; *
praised and exalted above all for ever.
Blessed art thou on the glorious throne of thy kingdom; *
praised and exalted above all for ever.
Blessed art thou in the firmament of heaven; *
praised and exalted above all for ever.
Blessed art thou, O Father, Son, and Holy Spirit; *
praised and exalted above all for ever.

1 Timothy 5:17-22 (Authorized/KJV)

Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the word and doctrine. For the scripture saith, thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The labourer is worthy of his reward. Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses. Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also may fear.

I charge thee before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality. Lay hands suddenly on no man, neither be partaker of other men’s sins: keep thyself pure.

Canticle: The Song of Simeon
Nunc dimittis
Luke 2:29-32

Lord, now lettest thy servant depart in peace, *
according to thy word;
For mine eyes have seen thy salvation, *
which thou hast prepared before the face of all people,
To be a light to lighten the Gentiles, *
and to be the glory of thy people Israel.

Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit: *
as it was in the beginning, is now, and will be for ever. Amen.

THE APOSTLES’ CREED

I believe in God, the Father almighty,
maker of heaven and earth.
And in Jesus Christ, his only son our Lord;
who was conceived by the Holy Ghost,
born of the Virgin Mary,
suffered under Pontius Pilate,
was crucified, dead, and buried.
He descended into hell.
The third day he rose again from the dead.
He ascended into heaven,
and sitteth at the right hand of God the Father Almighty.
From thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead.
I believe in the Holy Ghost,
the holy catholic Church,
the communion of saints,
the forgiveness of sins,
the resurrection of the body,
and the life everlasting. Amen.

THE PRAYERS

Our Father, who art in heaven,
hallowed be thy Name,
thy kingdom come,
thy will be done,
on earth as it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread.
Forgive us our trespasses
as we forgive those who trespass against us.
And lead us not into temptation,
but deliver us from evil.
For thine is the kingdom, the power, and the glory,
for ever and ever. Amen.

O Lord, save thy people and bless thine heritage;
Govern them and lift them up for ever.
Day by day we magnify thee;
and we worship thy Name ever, world without end.
Vouchsafe, O Lord, to keep us this day without sin;
O Lord, have mercy upon us, have mercy upon us.
O Lord, let thy mercy be upon us;
As our trust is in thee.
O Lord, in thee have I trusted;
Let me never be confounded.

Collect of the Day: The First Book of Common Prayer

Almighty and everliving God, whose servant Thomas Cranmer, with others, did restore the language of the people in the prayers of thy Church: Make us always thankful for this heritage; and help us so to pray in the Spirit and with the understanding, that we may worthily magnify thy holy Name; through Jesus Christ our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with thee and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever. Amen.

Ember Day Collect: For the choice of fit persons for the ministry

O God, who led thy holy apostles to ordain ministers in every place: Grant that your Church, under the guidance of the Holy Ghost, may choose suitable persons for the ministry of Word and Sacrament, and may uphold them in their work for the extension of thy kingdom; through him who is the Shepherd and Bishop of our souls, Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with thee and the Holy Ghost, one God, for ever and ever. Amen.

A Collect for Peace

O God, who art the author of peace and lover of concord, in knowledge of whom standeth our eternal life, whose service is perfect freedom: Defend us, thy humble servants, in all assaults of our enemies; that we, surely trusting in thy defense, may not fear the power of any adversaries; through the might of Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

A Collect for Grace

O Lord, our heavenly Father, almighty and everlasting God, who hast safely brought us to the beginning of this day: Defend us in the same with thy mighty power; and grant that this day we fall into no sin, neither run into any kind of danger; but that we, being ordered by thy governance, may do always what is righteous in thy sight; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

A Collect for Guidance

O heavenly Father, in whom we live and move and have our being: We humbly pray thee so to guide and govern us by thy Holy Spirit, that in all the cares and occupations of our life we may not forget thee, but may remember that we are ever walking in thy sight; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

Prayer for Mission

Lord Jesus Christ, who didst stretch out thine arms of love on the hard wood of the cross that everyone might come within thy saving embrace: So clothe us in thy Spirit that we, reaching forth our hands in love, may bring those who do not know thee to the knowledge and love of thee; for the honor of thy Name. Amen.

(Please offer your own prayers and supplications here.)

Let us bless the Lord.
Thanks be to God.

May the God of hope fill us with all joy and peace in believing through the power of the Holy Spirit. Amen. Romans 15:13++

9 thoughts on “Morning Prayer 5.28.10, The 1st Book of Common Prayer, 1549 (Rite I)

  1. Pingback: A morning prayer « Rev. Brent L. White

  2. I can hardly believe that a few short weeks ago I stumbled upon this website. What a blessing this is and it gets better all the time. I have also enjoyed reading the comments of late. I can sure see where this is getting big and I know God will give you enough light to take each step as you continue on. Before I close, a couple quick questions. What is meant by Rite I? Also, I notice that the version you used today had a long confession section. Are more modern versions making shorter work of confession of sin?

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    • Stephanie,

      Good questions again!

      The U.S. Prayer Book has two versions of Morning and Evening Prayer, Rite I and Rite II, and two versions of the Holy Communion, also called I and II. The main difference on the surface is that Rite I uses “thee and thou” and Rite II uses the modern common language we actually speak.

      The Confession in the Daily Office Rite I is longer than that in Rite II by four lines. Not much difference.

      An exhortation to confess our sins in Rite I is longer than the single line we used above, and we were tempted to publish it in the spirit of the day until we saw the line, “let us kneel in silence,” which doesn’t exactly work for computerheads. None of our readers is going to get down on their knees next to Windows or their iPad. The long invitation fell into disuse decades ago or longer. It may not have outlasted Tom Cranmer, who wrote it.

      However, I very much loved getting the old pastoral collects back (Peace, Grace and Guidance above), as well as the old translations of the Magnificat and Nunc dimittis, which were once written on Episcopalian bones, loved far and wide, up and down the Church, everywhere. Their language was archaic, which was bad for mission; but oh, did our hearts soar when we prayed those things.

      One example from the Collect for Peace:

      (Rite I)

      O God, who art the author of peace and lover of concord, in knowledge of whom standeth our eternal life, whose service is perfect freedom…

      (Rite II)

      O God, the author of peace and lover of concord, to know you is eternal life and to serve you is perfect freedom…

      Not much difference, really, but “in knowledge of whom standeth our eternal life” is an aria while “to know you” is a pop tune.

      So something’s lost and something’s gained. Almost no one in the Church today would go back to the old way, and the new has its graces and felicities too; but the Feast of the First Book does bring on a riot of nostalgia and faith.

      josh

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  3. 1) Hey Josh! Thanks, as always, for your patient answers to my questions. I did get a chuckle out of the visual of people on their knees next to their computers or their ipods– but hey, why not?! The day may come. Okay as long as we are praying to God and not our machines!

    2) I don’t recall a “confession of sin” section–short or long, on the other days of the week. Maybe I am missing it? Or, is it the “confession of sin” section that probably didn’t outlive Cranmer’s time? I was thinking that maybe it had fallen into disuse during our present time. I was wondering if in our post-modern world we are a little less enthusiastic about confessing our sins than our fore-bearers were!

    3) Your good analogy to an aria and a pop song also made me laugh. It also brought to mind something on a slightly different vein. Our rabbi in our Messianic Jewish congregation used to say, in speaking of the liturgy, “hey folks! Enjoy this. It is rich. This is filet mignon, not fast food.” I can’t tell you how often I have thought of that since I started doing the Daily Office. Filet Mignon!

    4) What is the Feast of the First Book?

    5) Btw, I LOVE the verse on today’s–May 29. Is. 57:15.

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    • Stephanie, your instinct is right about the Confession; we don’t say it as often and we’ve watered it down to some degree, in that we’re no longer “bewailing our manifold sins and wickedness” every day of the week. The language of the 1928 Prayer Book, and all the previous ones, was brutal.

      But the 1979 Rite II Confession is plenty to convict a person, without making everyone cringe with medieval claims that human nature is worthless.

      Mostly what we’ve done with Confession is to change how we liturgize it and when we say it. It’s no longer said at all during the 50 Days of Easter – but we say it every day but Sundays during Lent. Now that it’s Pentecost, we’ll say it every Friday, because that was the day our Lord was crucified by and for our sin. A Wed.-Fri.-Sat. combo works for Advent, then when Christmas comes, out it goes again. We feast and fast as a whole Church.

      Remember too we practice private auricular Confession in this Church, which I commend to everyone. We don’t use those little Catholic closets like you see in the movies, it’s usually done in the priest’s office or a side chapel – or at camp, or a retreat, or a person’s bedside if they’re sick. Our clergy are good at it, they love hearing Confessions and they make it a healing experience. The first time I did it with my old rector was in his office. He put on his stole, we sat down, then he offered to turn his back so I wouldn’t have to look him in the eye. I was touched. I was only 20, I hadn’t done that much wrong, so I said “no, you don’t have to do that,” but the mere offer made it easier to go ahead and tell the truth. He was a very dear man.

      When I was done he pronounced absolution with the baptismal sign of the cross, gave me a puny penance, say an Our Father or two, and sent me out the door with my soul made clean again.

      Every priest in this Church is ready to hear confession, and afterwards s/he’ll ask for your prayers as well, “for I’m a sinner too.” There’s nothing intimidating about it.

      The Feast of the First Book of Common Prayer is what we celebrated Friday; see the title up top and the Collect of the Day. Episkies all know what “the Book” refers to. We call the Bible the Bible.

      josh

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  4. Thanks! Good information about confession, in the liturgy and in the church. I had no idea that Episcopalians had confession in somewhat the same way as Catholics do. You mentioned the Our Father for penance–do you also say Hail Marys??

    Back to the liturgy–so, is Rite II the 1979 BCP and Rite I the 1928 one? Or, does the 1979 have a Rite I and Rite II? Sorry if I am hopeless in my understanding of all this.

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  5. (O Lord, give me fingers to type and truth to tell.)

    The ’79 Book contains Rites I and II. Rite I is similar to the ’28 Book but is an improvement on it.

    Marian devotions are not widespread in the Episcopal Church, but they are allowed. Hail, Mary is based on her cousin’s salutation (the mother of John the Baptist) as recorded in the Gospel of Luke. Nothing dangerous about that song, but don’t make Mary equal to Jesus because she’s not. We never pray to saints.

    But this brings up a bigger issue, Stephanie. What exactly happened in the English Reformation? The king broke with the pope. But the following Sunday the service was the same as it had always been, conducted by the same priests as before. Was the church Catholic before the break? Yes. Was the church Catholic after the break? Yes, unless you define Catholic as “aligned with the pope.” They do, we don’t.

    The same Latin mass was said every Sunday in England for the rest of Henry’s life.

    Cranmer’s Prayer Book didn’t come out until 1549 after Henry was dead and his sickly son became king. Then Edward died and Mary became queen, realigning the church with the pope. She soon kicked the bucket and Elizabeth came in, making a grand compromise: we’ll be Catholic and Protestant both.

    It’s called the Elizabethan Settlement. Priests can get married and the mass is in English. You can be High Church or Low Church, but get thee to the church on time.

    (High Church = more Catholic, Low Church = more Protestant.)

    Since then we’ve continued to evolve. We went through a Puritan phase, where we were never pure enough to satisfy the perfectionists and a king got beheaded; the English Civil War. But after 13 years of Cromwell the Puritans were out and the kings came back, starting with William and Mary. By this time there were English colonists in America, someone started a college in Virginia and named it for them.

    Then came Paul Revere’s ride and, in 1789, the same year George Washington became president, the first American Prayer Book was published. It forgot to say “God save the king” and prayed for the President instead.

    I’ve seen his pew at St. Paul’s Chapel in New York.

    Since the latter part of the 19th Century the American Church has gradually become more Catholic again, a process greatly aided by the 1979 Prayer Book. Mass is now the principal Sunday service in nearly every parish in America. Priests still get married, and we’ve got female ones now. My bishop is a woman and we wouldn’t give her up for anything.

    We’ve still got Apostolic Succession (it takes three bishops to make a bishop, from the Apostles to Our Gal Cate), just like we did the day before Henry’s break, and that’s very important to us – though the pope claims otherwise ’cause he’s still ticked off.

    Bottom line: we have the incomparable gift of being both Catholic and Protestant. And this has led to a flowering, since 1549, of England’s utter genius in the written and spoken word, and of democracy in the governing of the Christian Church.

    The Head Man doesn’t declare our doctrine, decide how we worship or tell us what to think. Were Thurgood Marshall, Harriet Tubman and Jonathan Daniels saints? Put it to a vote. If it doesn’t pass the laypeople it doesn’t pass. (All three of them won.)

    This is the only Church that makes sense to me. As you well know, Stephanie, Christians must have access and connection to the whole of Christian history; our religion wasn’t invented during the Protestant Reformation, but by Jesus Christ on the Cross.

    But neither should our religion be dictated by a single man in a gilded palace in a former imperial capital which collapsed 1500 years ago.

    If it doesn’t pass the laypeople, it doesn’t pass.++

    Josh Thomas
    Founder
    dailyoffice.org

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  6. Awesome Josh! Great thumbnail sketch of the English Reformation up to the 1979 BCP. I am envisioning another tab on your website!

    What you wrote was very enlightening. I am sure I have read about some of that in the past, but with a context for it and the connections you made, it actually means something. Especially helpful was the thought that the service would have been the same the day before and the day after Henry broke with Rome. That sure puts things in perspective.

    “…democracy in the governing of the Christian Church” is quite a concept. Democracy, whether in the Church or in a nation, is really messy, when you think of it. Just ask our detractors! BUT, I wouldn’t have it any other way. (The alternative–rule by dictators–can be pretty messy too!) In regard to the Church, as I read many verses, one being Eph. 4:11-13, I see that the body of Christ is to be built up through the gifts given us by the Spirit, until we all reach maturity and unity. It reads so clear and logical on paper, but tell me God didn’t know that things would get messy at times! However, I feel that is how we reach unity–not with one man heading us all and making all the decisions.

    Well, having said all that, I want to thank you again for the time you took to explain all that to me. Very informative. And, I can see where you get your vision for being both Catholic and Protestant–not just in your practices, but historically.

    Finally, I have to tell you that I was up in the middle of the night the other night and was so BLESSED to have Mahalia’s Holy, Holy, Holy blasting out of my speakers. Ha..well, blasting until I turned it down, figuring the rest of the house would wake up thinking the rapture was about to occur! Thanks for that treat.

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    • Oh, good! I once had this woman in my life, a kind of surrogate or foster mother who’s since passed away, and she once gave me a Gospel CD by Miss Mahalia Jackson.

      The musical style is not my tradition, but when I found that video, serious hymn, Trinity Sunday, full orchestra, I had to have it. I’m thrilled you enjoyed it. The lady had a voice and a faith.

      So let the saints… come marchin’ in!

      josh

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